Beijing, referred to as "jing" for short, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, a national central city, a national political center, a cultural center, and a scientific and technological innovation center.
Beijing is located in the northern part of the North China Plain, backed by Yanshan, adjacent to Tianjin and Hebei Province. Beijing's climate is a typical northern temperate semi-humid continental monsoon climate.
Beijing is the first batch of national historical and cultural cities and the world's city with the largest number of world cultural heritages. Its 3,000-year history gave birth to many places of interest, including the Forbidden City, the Temple of Heaven, the Badaling Great Wall, and the Summer Palace. Since 938, Beijing has become the capital of the Six Dynasties, and became the capital of the People's Republic of China on October 1, 1949.
Beijing has been rated as the world's first-tier city by the global authority GaWC. The UN report states that the Beijing Human Development Index ranks second in Chinese cities. In 2017, Beijing's per capita disposable income reached 57230 yuan, and the total household deposits and per capita household deposits ranked first in the country. In 2017, Beijing's high-tech enterprises reached 20183, ranking first in the country. Beijing ranked No. 3 in Forbes' 2017 Best Commercial City Ranking in Mainland China.